A SOCIO-CULTURAL ASSESSMENT OF INHOLDERS
IN THE MOUNT ROGERS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

by Kent Anderson
page five

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER TWO: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MOUNT ROGERS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
CHAPTER THREE: SOME INHOLDERS OF THE MOUNT ROGERS AREA
CHAPTER FOUR: CONCLUSIONS
ENDNOTES
SOURCES
PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION INDEX
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

 

ENDNOTES FOR CHAPTER ONE

1 Bristol Herald Courier, January 9, 1969, p. 1; Edwin Rhyne, "Social Impact-Analysis for the proposed Mt. Rogers National Recreation Area," September, 1979.


ENDNOTES FOR CHAPTER TWO

1 Daniel R. Barney, The Last Stand (New York: Grossman Publishers, 1974), pp. 10-13, 107-109; Interview with Kirby Brock, District Ranger, Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, June 13, 1980; Michael Frome, Whose Woods These Are: The Story of the National Forests Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Co., Inc., 1962),pp. 33-44, 59-62; Interview with Robert Spivey, Jefferson National Forest Supervisor, June 16, 1980; U. S., Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Mount Rogers National Recreation Area Final Management Plan and Environmental Impact Statement (Atlanta: Forest Service, 1980), pp. 117-118.

2 Bristol Virginia-Tennessean, August 12, 1973, (clipping-pagination unavailable); interview with former Cong. W. Patrick Jennings, Sr., June 27, 1980; U. S., Congress, House, A Bill to Establish the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area in the Jefferson National Forest, H.R. 10366, 89th Cong., 1ST sess., 1965, pp. 22955-22957; Mount Rogers NRA FEIS, pp. 110-112.

3 Ibid. , pp. v. lll,,115-116.

4 Bristol Herald Courier, August 30, 1973, p. B1; Ibid., July 29, 1979, p. 4B; Brock interview; Galax Gazette, July 25, 1979, p. 9A; Wythe County News, February 1, 1968, p. 1.

5 U. S., Department of Agriculture. National Forest Service, " Mount Rogers National Recreation Area Final Management Plan Summary 1980"(Atlanta: Forest Service, 1980; ______,___________. ____________ "Mount Rogers National Recreation Area - A Review" Atlanta: Forest Service, 1969), pp.,4, 6-7, 11; Washington County News, June 18, 1970 p. 1; Wythe County News, February 1, 1978.

6 Spivey interview; U. S., Department of Agriculture. Forest Service "Special Landownership Adjustment Plan for Mount Rogers National Recreation Area" (probably prepared in Roanoke: Forest Service, 1967).

7 Bristol Herald Courier, February 25, 1973, p. 1OC; Bristol Virginia-Tennessean, August 12, 1973, (clipping-pagination unavailable); U. S., Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Capsule Report No. 1 Mount Rogers National Recreation Area," July 1, 1971-December 31, 1971 (probably prepared in Marion, Virginia: Forest Service, 1972); Washington County News, April 29, 1971, p. 2.

8 Declaration of Takings Act, Statutes at Large, XLVI, part 1, 1421-1422 (April, 1929-March, 1931);Interview with Bill Gable, June 14, 1980; Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act, Statutes at Large, LXXXIV, part 2, 1894-1907 (February, 1970-January, 1971); U. S., General Accounting Office. Federal Land Acquisitions By Condemnation--Opportunities to Reduce Delays And Costs (Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1980),-pp. 58-59, 75-78; Ronald Zumbrun, Raymond Momboisse, and Eileen White, "Legal Aspects of Federal Government Takings of Land" (Sacramento: Pacific Legal Foundation, 1980).

9 Bristol Herald Courier, August 30, 1973, p. B1; Gable interview; Mountain Life and Work, August, 1973, pp. 18-19.

10 Bristol Herald Courier, August 30, 1973, p.B1; Bristol Virginia-Tennessean, January 27, 1974, 1(clipping-pagination unavailable); Gable interview.

11 U. S., Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, Mount Rogers National Recreation Area Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Volume I (Atlanta Forest service, 1978), pp. 1-2; Mount Rogers NRA FEIS, p. 6.

12 Letter from David Burwell, Counsel, National wildlife Federation, to Donald Blackburn, Acting Supervisor, Jefferson National Forest, July 3, 1979; Letter from Donald Hutchison, Chairperson, Foothills Group, Sierra Club, to Lorraine Pierce, Secretary, Citizens for Southwest Virginia, October 6, 1978; Interview with Charley and Tula Newman, June 14, 1980; "Newsletter" of Citizens for Southwest Virginia, May, 1978; Ibid., August, 1978; Interview with Larry and Lorraine Pierce, June 13, 1980; The Plow, March 4, 1978, p. 1B; Ibid., April 1, 1978, p. 27; Ibid., June 15, 1979, p. 5; Response of Citizens for Southwest Virginia to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement," August 1, 1978 (Troutdale, Virginia: published by Citizens for Southwest Virginia, 1978); Interview with June Slemp, June 15, 1980; Mount Rogers NRA FEIS, p. 131.

13 Interview with Arlene Crow, June 11, 1980; Letter from Robert Johnson, Wythe County Planner, to Cong. William C. Wampler, December 21, 1978; Pierce interview; Mount Rogers NRA DEIS, pp. 180A, and maps; Mount Rogers NRA FEIS, pp. v-vii, 60, and map.

ENDNOTES FOR CHAPTER THREE

1 Interview with Pauline Dixon, June 14, 1980; Galax Gazette, March 7, 1979, p. Bl.

2 Interview with Robert and Helen Young, June 14, 1980.

3 Crow interview; Spivey interview.

4 Letter from Rev. Roy Taylor to Arlene Crow, May 27, 1980.

5 Interview with Donna Taylor, June 13, 1980.

6 Interview with Albert and Mary Byrd, June 11, 1980.

7 Brock interview; Crow interview; Interview with Frank Pearman, June 12, 1980; Wythe County News, undated clipping-probably June 9 or 10, 1980).

8 Pierce interview.

9 Interview with Elbert Anders, June 19, 1980; Interview with Bo Bailey, June 24, 1980; Interview with Paul Jones, June 21, 1980; Interview with Allen Waller, June 19, 1980.

10 Interview with Arlie Swinney, June 12, 1980.

11 Interview with Dr. Elmer Cranton, June 14, 1980; Letter from Dr. Frank Merker, Smyth County Medical Society President, to Frank Mays, Director, Southwest Virginia Health Systems Agency, March 22, 1979; Smyth County News, May 23, 1978, pp. 1 & 4; Ibid., May 25, 1978, pp. 1 & A-13; Order, Elmer M. Cranton, M.D. v. Joseph A. Califano, Jr. (District Court, Western Va.) Civil Action Nos. 78-0091-A and 78-0101-A; Letter from Leonard Varmette, Jr., Administrative Assistant for Health Planning, Medical Society of Virginia, to Dr. Samuel Vernon, Smyth County Medical Society Vice-President, April 15, 1980.

12 Interview with Juanita Wampler, June 12, 1980.

13 Interview with Roy Johnson, June 15, 1980.

14 Interview with Earl and Orra Jackson, June 11, 1980.

15 Slemp interview; Mount Rogers NRA DEIS, p. 69.

16 Interview with Virginia Parsons, June 15, 1980.

17 The Plow, July 17, 1978, pp. 6-7; Interview with Willie Wilson, June 13, 1980.

18 Interview with Terry Parlier-Holmes, June 14, 1980.

ENDNOTES FOR CHAPTER FOUR

1 Barney, p. 132; Jennings interview; Rhyne, "Social Impact Analysis," 1979; The Southwest Progress, April 11, 1979, p. 2; Spivey interview.

SOURCES

Letters and Unpublished Materials

Burwell, David. Letter to Donald Blackburn, July 3, 1979.

Hutchison, Donald. Letter to Lorraine Pierce, October 6, 1978.

Johnson, Robert. Letter to Congressman William C. Wampler, December 21, 1978.

Merker, Dr. Frank. Letter to Frank Mays, March 22, 1979.

Taylor, Reverend Roy. Letter to Arlene Crow, May 27, 1980.

Varmette, Leonard, Jr. Letter to Dr. Samuel Vernon, April 15, 1980.


Public Documents

Declaration of Taking Act. Statutes at Large, Vol. XLVI (April, 1929-march, 1931).

Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition

Policies Act. Statutes at Large, Vol. LXXXIV (February, 1970-January, 1971).

U. S. Congress. House. A Bill to Establish the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area in the Jefferson National Forest. H.R. 10366, 89th Cong., 1st sess., 1965.

__________. Department of Agriculture. National Forest Service. Capsule Report No. 1, Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, July 1, 1971-December 31, 1971. Probably published in Marion, Virginia: Forest Service, 1972.

U. S. Department of Agriculture. Mount Rogers National Recreation Area--A Review. Atlanta: Forest Service, 1969.

______.__________. _________. Mount Rogers National Recreation Area Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Vol. 1. Atlanta: Forest Service, 1978.

______. _________. _________. Mount Rogers National Recreation Area Final Management Plan and Environmental Impact Statement. Atlanta: Forest Service, 1980.

______. _________. _________. Mount Rogers National Recreational Area Final Management Plan Summary 1980. Atlanta: Forest Service, 1980.

______. ________. _________. Special Landownership Adjustment Plan for Mount Rogers National Recreation Area. Probably published in Roanoke: Forest Service, 1967.

______. District Court, Western Virginia. Order, Elmer M. Cranton, M.D. v. Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Civil Action Nos. 78-0091-A and 78-0101-A.

______. General Accounting Office. Federal Land Acquisitions By Condemnations--Opportunities to Reduce Delays And Costs. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1980.

 

Interviews

Anders, Elbert. June 19, 1980.

Bailey, Bo. June 24, 1980.

Berry, Steve. June 10, 1980.

Brock, Kirby. June 13, 1980.

Byrd, Albert and Mary. June 11, 1980.

Campbell, Paul. June 24, 1980.

Cranton, Dr. Elmer. June 14, 1980.

Crow, Arlene. June 11, 1980.

Dixon, Pauline. June 14, 1980.

Gable, Rev. Bill. June 14, 1980.

Jackson, Earl and Orra. June II, 1980.

Jennings, Cong. W. Patrick, Sr. June 27, 1980.

Johnson, Roy. June 15, 1980.

Jones, Paul. June 21, 1980.

Newman, Charley and Tula. June 14, 1980.

Parlier-Holmes, Terry. June 15, 1980.

Parsons, Virginia. June 15, 1980.

Pearman, Frank. June 12, 1980.

Pierce, Larry and Lorraine. June 13, 1980.

Slemp, June. June 15, 1980.

Spivey, Robert. June 16, 1980.

Swinney, Arlie. June 12, 1980.

Taylor, Donna. June 13, 1980.

Waller, Allen. June 19, 1980.

Wampler, Juanita. June 12, 1980.

Wilson, Willie. June 13, 1980.

Wright, Dave. June 9, 1980.

Young, Robert and Helen. June 14, 1980.

 

Newspapers and Journals

Bristol Herald Courier. 1969, 1973, 1979.

Bristol Virginia-Tennessean. 1973-1974.

Galax Gazette. 1979.

Mountain Life and Work. 1973.

The Plow. 1978-1979.

Smyth County News. 1978.

The Southwest Progress. 1979.

Washington County News. 1970-1971.

Wythe County News. 1968, 1978, 1980.

 

Books, Papers, and Pamphlet

Barney, Daniel R. The Last Stand. New York: Grossman Publishers, 1974.

Citizens for Southwest Virginia. Newsletter. May, 1978.

__________. ____________. August, 1978.

__________. Response of Citizens for Southwest Virginia to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Mt. Rogers National Recreation Area and Mt. Rogers Scenic Highway. Troutdale, Virginia: Published by Citizens for Southwest Virginia, 1978.

Frome, Michael. Whose Woods These Are: The Story of the National Forests. New York: Doubleday and Co., Inc., 1962.

Rhyne, Edwin. Social Impact Analysis for the proposed MO. Rogers National Recreation Area. 1979.

Zumbrun, Ronald.; Momboisse, Raymond.; and White, Eileen. Legal Aspects of Federal Government Takings of Land. Sacramento: Pacific Legal Foundation, 1980.

 

PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION TO ACCOMPANY REPORT

Slide number Subject
1 Crest of Iron Mountain
2 Iron Mountain Grill
3 Arlene Crow
4 Home of Chuck and Arlene Crow
5 No slide with this number
6 Litter on Forest Service property across from Donna Taylor
7 Soil erosion on same property
8 Broken door window on same property
9 Home of Albert and Mary Byrd
10 NRA road 690
11 Former campsite off NRA road 667
l2 Soil erosion off same road
13 Road to 20 cleared acres off same road
14 Clearing of land near NRA road 667
15 Larry and Lorraine Pierce
16 Original Pierce family cabin
17 Home of Sherman and Mary Poland
18 Forest Service frame for sign near Cripple Creek
19 Foundation of former home in Fairwood area
20 House in Fairwood-Fox Creek area
21 Shed on same plot of land
22 Junked automobiles on Forest Service property off Virginia state road 602
23 Litter off state road 602 near Cripple Creek
24 Forest Service warden property off state road 604
25 Arlie Swinney
26 New home of Arlie Swinney
27 View from new Swinney home
28 Former Swinney home
29 Dr. Elmer Cranton
30 Roy Johnson
31 Earl Jackson
32 Proposed road entry to state road 602 from the Jackson property
33 Home of Alice Jackson
34 June Slemp
35 Terry Parlier-Holmes
36 & 37 The New River

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Kent Anderson received his Ph.D. in history from the University of Washington in 1975. Prior to that, he was a pre-doctoral instructor in U. S. history at that institution for three years. With few changes, his dissertation was published by Greenwood Press in 1978 under the title of Television Fraud: The History and Implications of the Quiz Show Scandals as part of their Contributions in American Studies series. Anderson has also worked for the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission, the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the C. V. Mosby Publishing Co. other research citations of Kent Anderson have appeared in Public Administration Review and the three volume work, Perspectives on Political Philosophy, edited by David K. Hart and James Downton.

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